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INTS 3218: Intelligence Analysis and the U.S. Policymaking Process: Regulatory Research


Under the Executive Office of the President is the Office of Management and Budget, and one of their agencies is the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. Their Reginfo site describes the regulatory process and the place of the Unified Agenda.

The chart below summarizes and simplified the regulatory process.


Another way to look at things is here:

Another way to understand these complex processes is via the Reg Map, published on


The Unified Agenda

Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions is published twice per year (spring and fall) and provides information about regulations under development by federal agencies.

The Federal Register

The Federal Register, begun in 1936, is the publication where notices of proposed rules are published. Twice per year executive branch agencies publish their proposed rules in the Unified Agenda. The Federal Register is the daily journal of the U.S. government (the executive branch), and the chart below shows the differences between the various places to get Federal Register content.


Code of Federal Regulations

Final rules are codified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). CFR is published annually, and FR is published daily. The bridge between FR and CFR is LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected), as shown in the chart below.

eCFR Instead of LSA

In the box above I showed the traditional way of keeping track of current regulations. This involves many laborious steps: checking the daily Federal Register, then checking the index at the back of the current FR issue to see any other updates for that month. Then checking the CFR List of Sections Affected (LSA) to see any changes to the CFR sections since the last annual edition of CFR -- a lot of time-consuming steps. 

But, by using eCFR, you can get updates nearly in real time. Although the eCFR is not yet an official representation of regulations, the Government Publishing Office is currently working to make it official.

Not only can you view current changes, you can also view historical changes back to 2017. This means that you can see the exact regulations that were in effect on any date from 2017 onward.

You can find eCFR here:

Regulatory History Research