For a database that requires login, use the database URL or that of the login page.
In addition, when you know the information cited won't be available in the future in a particular database, the retrieval date of the report should be included:
Parenthetical citation: (Last name of author, year)
Narrative citation: Last name of author (year)
This entry has no author, so the format below is used. In addition, because Bizminer does not archive reports, the retrieval date of the report is included:
Title of work. (Year). Retrieved Month day, year, from Name of database. URL.
Industry financial report. All US [722515.024] Bagel shop industry wide. (2020 December). Retrieved July 29, 2021, from Bizminer. https://www.bizminer.com
According to "Industry Financial Report," (2020), the current ratio for the bagel shop industry was 1.38 in 2016.
Worldwide digital ad revenues. (2021). Retrieved July 30, 2021, from eMarketer. https://totalaccess.emarketer.com
Google's digital ad revenue worldwide is expected to be $146.57 billion in 2022 ("Worldwide Digital Ad Revenues," 2021).
First Research industry profiles do not have authors/bylines. Here's how you could cite it:
Fast-food & quick-service restaurants (2021, July 12). Retrieved July 30, 2021 from
First Research. https://www.mergentonline.com/FirstResearch
There is intense competition in the quick service industry, providing consumers a wide variety of quality food service options ("Fast-Food," 2021).
To cite the reports from IBISWorld, it will probably be easier if you download the pdf version and use it to create your reference.
Le, Thi. (2020, September). Pizza restaurants. Retrieved July 30, 2021, from IBISWorld. https://my.ibisworld.com
This industry is expected to have moderate growth in the next five years (Le, 2020).
These are examples of how you could cite information retrieved from Mergent Intellect.
McDonald's Corporation. Inc. (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2021, from Mergent Intellect. https://www.mergentintellect.com
Two of McDonald's burger competitors include Wendy's and Jack in the Box (McDonald's, n.d.).
If you want to differentiate the information you found in the different sections of Mergent, you could do so by using the letters a-z after the date. For instance, if you want to do this for the 10-K and industry report retrieved for McDonald's, the following examples are provided:
Reference example for 10-K retrieved from Mergent Intellect (it would probably be easier to cite if you obtained it from the company website):
McDonald's Corporation. Inc. (n.d.a). Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2021, from
Mergent Intellect. https://www.mergentintellect.com
In-text cite (you need to include the page number if you are providing an exact quotation):
"In 2020, global comparable sales decreased 7.7% primarily as a result of COVID-19. Comparable guest counts were negative across all segments for the year" (McDonald's, n.d.a, p. 8).
Reference example for a First Research industry profile retrieved from Mergent Intellect, although it would probably be better to cite it directly from the First Research database as you would be able to use an actual date instead of n.d.:
McDonald's Corporation. (n.d.b). Fast-food & quick-service restaurants, July 12, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2021 from
Mergent Intellect. https://www.mergentintellect.com
There is intense competition in the quick service industry, providing consumers a wide variety of quality food service options (McDonald's, n.d.b).
Mintel has industry analysts who write their reports, so use them as your authors.
Watters, R. (2021). Outdoor cooking - US. Mintel. https://clients.mintel.com
In-text cite. Since this is an exact quote from the report, if you download the pdf version of the report, you will be able to use a page number.
"Home ownership is a key driver in participation in the outdoor cooking market" (Waters, 2021, p. 15).
The following example reflects a list of pet shop companies in Denver, CO retrieved from Reference Solutions. Because this list will change over time, the following is used: Retrieved month, day, year, from
Pet shops in Denver, CO. (n.d). Retrieved July 30, 2021, from Reference Solutions. http://www.referenceusa.com
In text cite:
There are 48 pet shops in Denver, CO ("Pet Shops," n.d.).
Camp Bow Wow. (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2021, from Reference Solutions. http://www.referenceusa.com
Camp Bow Wow's (n.d.) parent company is Mars, Inc.
It is unclear whether NetAdvantage will provide these reports indefinitely, so a retrieved date is included in both reference examples.
INDUSTRY SURVEY EXAMPLE
Snyder, K. & Lee, L. S. (2021, February). Industry surveys: Telecommunications. Retrieved July 30, 2021, from NetAdvantage. https://na.capitaliq.com/ip/DUEDU
Verizon acquired Yahoo in June 2017, expanding the company into mobile and video (Snyder and Lee, 2021).
STOCK REPORT EXAMPLE:
Snyder, K. (2021, July 24). Verizon Communications, Inc. Stock report. Retrieved July 30, 2021, from NetAdvantage. https://na.capitaliq.com/ip/DUEDU
Snyder reports that due to fierce it will continue to struggle in the wireless space (Snyder).
Global adspend summary by medium, 2017-2021. (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2021, from WARC. https://www.warc.com/security/login/
Total global magazine ad spending in 2017 was $20,060.1 million ( "Global Adspend," n.d.).
Intel Corporation. (n.d.). Media mix - Annual. Retrieved July 30, 2021, from Winmo. https://launch.winmo.com/login/university?key=IWQo1Pn712vh3Bxrk0AR&name=University%20of%20Denver
Intel’s estimated media spending in print channels for the first quarter of 2021 was $18,162 (Intel, n.d.).