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Marketing 4530 Research Guide - Organic Skincare Industry: Citing Your Sources


APA Format

This section provides examples of how to cite information obtained from subscription-based databases.  The examples are a hybrid based on the APA Publication Manual 6th ed., and the electronic example used in the APA Publication Manual, 5th ed.

Depending on the information available, one of the following formats used is:  

Author, A. A. (2000). Title of work. Retrieved from Name of database


Title of entry. (Year, Month, day). In Title of reference work (Online edition). Retrieved from Name of database

Use a URL in place of "name of database" if that is what your instructor prefers.

The general format for in text-citations is:

(Last name of author, year)

If you are including a direct quote, you need to include the page number. If a document doesn't have a page number you can use the paragraph number or an abbreviated heading name (along with the paragraph #) under which it falls.

In-text example for a direct quote: (Smith, 2018, p. 50)

In-text cite example if pages are not included: (Smith, 2018, para. 3)

APA Style Guides

Citation Builders

Citing Mergent Intellect

These are three examples on how you can cite information retrieved from Mergent Intellect.

Verizon Communications Inc. (2018a). Retrieved from Mergent Intellect database

("a" is used after the year to differentiate it from other Verizon entries)

If your instructor wants a URL, you can cite as follows:

Verizon Communications Inc. (2018a). Retrieved from

In-text cite:

One of Verizon's competitor's is AT&T (Verizon, 2018a).

If you are using information from a company's 10-K retrieved from Mergent Intellect, you can cite as follows:

Verizon Communications Inc. (2018b). Form 10-KRetrieved from Mergent Intellect database 

In-text cite (you need to include the page number if you are quoting exactly from the document):

Verizon offers "wireless services on a postpaid and prepaid basis" (Verizon, 2018b, p. 4).

You can use the following format to cite a First Research industry profile from Mergent Intellect: 

Verizon Communications Inc. (2018c). Telecommunications resellers. Retrieved from Mergent Intellect database

In-text cite:

The market for second-hand smartphones will probably diminish sales for new smartphones (Verizon, 2018c).

Citing Mintel reports

Mintel has industry analysts who write their reports, so use them as your authors.

Poelking, J. (2017 March). Outdoor enthusiasts - US. Retrieved from Mintel database

If your instructor wants the URL, then cite as follows: 

Poelking, J. (2017 March). Outdoor enthusiasts - US. Retrieved from

In-text cite (for an exact quote from the report):

"Social media is particularly popular among Millennial outdoor enthusiasts" (Poelking, 2017, Younger generations engage online, para. 2).