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Center on Human Rights Education Research Guide: What are Human Rights?

Strengthening Discussion, Striving for Progression

What are Human Rights?

What are Human Rights?

Human Rights are fundamental rights inherent to all humans. All are equally entitled to their human rights without discrimination according to nationality, sex, race, religion, language, national or ethnic origin, or other status. Human rights are interrelated, indivisible and interdependent, and include economic, social, and cultural rights, such as the right to work, education, and adequate standard of living; and political and civil rights such as the right to life, due process and liberty and security. Human rights are articulated and protected by law through international treaties, customary international law, and other mechanisms of international law. The pillar for these laws is the International Bill of Human Rights, which includes three treaties:

The International Bill of Human Rights:

  1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
  2. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
  3. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

Literature Review: Human Rights